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Archaeology in Europe: Mary Rose crew 'was from Mediterranean and North Africa'

The Mary Rose Museum in Portsmouth's Historic Dockyard houses a cross section of the ship's hull as well as thousands of artefacts, including weapons and jewellerySTEPHEN FOOTEThe crew on board the sunken Henry VIII ship the Mary Rose was from the Mediterranean, North Africa and beyond, researchers have found.Bone structure and DNA of 10 skeletons found on board were analysed by team at…

2019-03-18 08:56   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Archaeologists discovered a flintstone workshop of Neanderthals in the southern Poland; it is approx. 60,000 years old

Researchers discovered a flint workshop of Neanderthals in Pietraszyno (Silesia). According to scientists, it is the first such large workshop in Central Europe that was not located in a cave. So far, researchers have counted 17,000 stone products created 60 thousand years ago.Neandertals (Homo neanderthalensis) were very close relatives of contemporary man (Homo sapiens). They probably…

2019-03-18 08:53   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Ancient switch to soft food gave us an overbite—and the ability to pronounce ‘f’s and ‘v’s

An ancient woman from Romania shows an edgeto-edge bite (left). A Bronze Age man from Austria had a slight overbite (right). D. E. BLASI ET AL., SCIENCE, 363, 1192 (2019)Don't like the F-word? Blame farmers and soft food. When humans switched to processed foods after the spread of agriculture, they put less wear and tear on their teeth. That changed the growth of their jaws, giving adults the…

2019-03-18 08:47   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Artificial intelligence for the study of sites

Three examples of the different types of notches [Credit: A. Moclán]An experimental study led by researcher Abel Moclán, from the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), has just been published in the Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences journal, which proposes a new method to understand how the faunal assemblages were generated in archaeological sites, and…

2019-03-18 08:43   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Ancient migration transformed Spain's DNA

Bronze Age burials: Iberia saw a dramatic genetic shift during this periodL BENITEZ DE LUGO ENRICH - JOSE LUIS FUENTES SANCHA migration from Central Europe transformed the genetic make-up of people in Spain during the Bronze Age, a study reveals.DNA evidence shows the migrants streamed over the Pyrenees, replacing existing male lineages across the region within a space of 400 years.It remains…

2019-03-18 08:19   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Neandertaler und moderne Menschen hatten ähnliche Speisezettel

Knochen aus Spy geben Aufschluss über Ernährung und Mobilität der dortigen Neandertaler. Foto: Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS)Internationale Studie findet mehr gemeinsame Nahrungsvorlieben als angenommen ‒ Rätselhafte Spuren von KannibalismusNeandertaler und der frühe moderne Mensch ernährten sich vermutlich sehr ähnlich: Zu diesem Schluss kommt eine internationale Studie…

2019-03-18 08:16   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Anglo-Saxon gold pendant found in Norfolk declared treasure

The gold pendant would have belonged to a "high status woman", like the famous Winfarthing PendantCOURTESY OF THE PORTABLE ANTIQUITIES SCHEMEAn Anglo-Saxon gold pendant, found near a site where a similar item worth £145,000 was dug up, probably belonged to a woman of "high social status".The Winfarthing Pendant was found in 2014 near Diss in Norfolk.The latest pendant, with a central cross…

2019-03-18 08:13   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Hominids may have hunted rabbits as far back as 400,000 years ago

BUNNY TRAIL Fossils from southern European sites indicate that ancient relatives of humans hunted small, fast animals as early as around 400,000 years ago. Ends of rabbit bones (shown) were probably snapped off to remove marrow.In Europe, Stone Age hominids began adding small, fast animals to their menus much earlier than previously thought, scientists say.Now-extinct members of the human…

2019-03-14 17:02   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Researchers find a piece of Palaeolithic art featuring birds and humans

A tracing of the engraved figures over the stone [Credit: University of Barcelona]It is not very common to find representations of scenes instead of individual figures in Palaeolithic art, but it is even harder for these figures to be birds instead of mammals such as goats, deer or horses. So far, historians have only found three scenes of Palaeolithic art featuring humans and birds in…

2019-03-14 16:58   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Stonehenge was 'hub for Britain's earliest mass parties'

Pigs were the main food at the feasts and were brought from as far away as Scotland and the North East of England to StonehengeENGLISH HERITAGE/PAEvidence of large-scale prehistoric feasting rituals found at Stonehenge could be the earliest mass celebrations in Britain, say archaeologists.The study examined 131 pigs' bones at four Late Neolithic sites, Durrington Walls, Marden, Mount Pleasant…

2019-03-14 16:54   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: HABITATS DE L’ÂGE DU BRONZE, SILOS ET RITUELS GAULOIS À FAUX-FRESNAY

À Faux-Fresnay, dans la Marne, une équipe d’archéologues de l’Inrap a découvert des vestiges de deux villages de l’âge du Bronze et de l’âge du Fer qui témoignent d’une importante activité agricole. Des silos où reposent des restes d’animaux interrogent sur des rituels qui auraient impliqué le cheptel. Cette fouille est réalisée en amont de l’aménagement d’un poste électrique par RTE.Read the…

2019-03-14 16:51   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: In Europa lebten im frühen Jungpaläolithikum im Schnitt nur 1.500 Menschen

Mit einem an der Universität zu Köln entwickelten Protokoll können die Forscherinnen und Forscher des Sonderforschungsbereiches 806 "Our Way to Europe" rekonstruieren, wie die Besiedlung Europas durch den anatomisch modernen Menschen verlief. Die Daten zeigen, dass die Population der gesamten europäischen Jäger und Sammler in der Zeitspanne von etwa 42.000 bis etwa 33.000 Jahren vor heute –…

2019-03-14 16:49   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Home of 7th Century princess unearthed in Coldingham

The dig concentrated on ground around Coldingham Priory in the BordersDIGVENTURES/AERIAL-CAMArchaeologists believe they have found remains of the long-lost home of a 7th Century princess in the Borders.A monastery was founded near the village of Coldingham by Princess Æbbe nearly 1,400 years ago.It was destroyed by Viking raiders in the 9th Century and previous attempts to pinpoint its…

2019-03-12 16:01   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: 'Hobbit' human story gets a twist, thanks to thousands of rat bones

The limestone cave of Liang Bua, on the Indonesian island of Flores, is widely known as the hobbit cave, the site where the surprisingly tiny and enormously controversial extinct human relative Homo floresiensis was discovered. But to the scientists who excavate there, the site is known as something else entirely: the rat cave.“The first time I went to the excavations at Liang Bua, I remember…

2019-03-12 15:57   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Unique Medieval Burial Found In Sicily

This medieval man's skeleton, bearing marks of stab wounds, was found facedown in a shallow pit in Sicily [Credit: Emanuele Canzonieri; Roberto Micciche. et al. 2019]In medieval Sicily, a man was stabbed multiple times in the back, buried in a really weird way and ostensibly lost to history.Now, hundreds of years later, archaeologists have excavated evidence of this ancient crime in the…

2019-02-26 07:50   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Yes, That Viking Warrior Buried with Weapons Really Was a Woman

An illustration of what the female warrior may have looked like.Credit: Drawing by Tancredi Valeri; Copyright Antiquity Publications Ltd.The ancient warrior was given a prestigious Viking burial, complete with deadly Viking weapons, a bag of gaming pieces (possibly to represent military command) and two horses, one bridled for riding. This mighty warrior — long thought to be be a man — made…

2019-02-26 07:40   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Second Rare Roman Coin Hoard Found In Warwickshire

Coins from Year of the Four Emperors and pot found in Warwickshire [Credit: Warwickshire County Council]Warwickshire museum service needs help to raise the funds to buy a major Roman hoard, found recently in Warwickshire.The hoard made up of 440 silver denarii coins was uncovered during an archaeological dig at a Roman site on the Edge Hill in 2015. They were buried in a ceramic pot over 1900…

2019-02-26 07:33   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: University of Cambridge release trove of aerial photos of Wales

A series of aerial photographs which form part of a collection labelled the "historical Google Earth" show the changing face of Wales.The images, some dating back to 1945, have been made available online by the University of Cambridge.RAF pilots were asked to capture the bomb-scarred post-war period to the emergence of motorways and new cities.Prof Martin Millett said the images "let you…

2019-02-26 07:30   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Neolithic skull found by Thames 'mudlarkers'

The frontal bone was radiocarbon dated to 3,600 BCMUSEUM OF LONDONHere's a piece of history pulled from the muddy banks of the River Thames.It's a skull fragment that is 5,600 years old. It dates to a time long before there was any permanent settlement on the site we now know as London.Investigations indicate it belonged to a male over the age of 18.There are older Neolithic remains that have…

2019-02-26 07:27   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: St Michan's, Dublin: Vandals decapitate 800-year-old crusader

The crusader's head was "severed from his body and taken away"An 800-year-old "crusader" from a crypt in a Dublin church has been decapitated by vandals.Archdeacon David Pierpoint told RTE the crusader's head has been "severed from his body and taken away".The discovery was made as a tour guide was preparing to open the church for visitors on Monday afternoon.Archdeacon Pierpoint said he was…

2019-02-26 07:15   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Stonehenge: Archaeologists discover long-lost tools used to build ancient monument

Scientists know the Stonehenge early phase standing stones (the so-called bluestones rather than the later more famous and much larger sarsen stones) come from this and other Pembrokeshire prehistoric quarries – because of chemical identification tests they have carried out on the rocks.So far, only two quarries have been identified – both on the northern slopes of the Preseli Hills in…

2019-02-19 19:11   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Archaeologists Make 'Very Special' Viking Era Discovery in Norway

Gjellestad, Norway: The site of the discoveryERICH NAU, NIKUAlmost one thousand years after the end of the Viking Age, Norwegian archaeologists have made a sensational find near Halden in the south-east of Norway. The burial mound and adjacent field harbour several longhouses and at least one ship burial.Digital data visualizations reveal the well-defined 20-meter-long ship-shaped structure,…

2019-02-19 08:57   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Vikings Were Fearless. Except When It Was Too Cold

Aerial view of the Greenland ice sheet from a helicopter. Credit G. Everett Lasher / NorthwesternGreenland was balmy when the Vikings invaded, a new study based on isotopes in flies has proven, and they left as the glaciers bore downVikings evoke many associations, none of which involve relaxing on the seaside and smelling flowers on a balmy evening. The Scandinavian warriors are more usually…

2019-02-19 08:53   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Helle's toilet: 12th-century three-person loo seat goes on display

Conservator Luisa Duarte working on the 12th-century toilet seat. Photograph: David Levene/The GuardianArchaeologists know the names of the owners of the building where plank of oak satA rare 12th-century toilet seat built to accommodate three users at once is to go on display for the first time at the Museum of London Docklands.Nine hundred years after the roughly carved plank of oak was…

2019-02-19 08:45   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Stunning Narcissus fresco at Pompeii

(ANSA) - Rome, February 14 - A stunning fresco depicting Narcissus gazing at his own reflection has been uncovered during new excavations at Pompeii, the interim director of the archaeological site, Alfonsina Russo, announced on Thursday. Pompeii Superintendent Massimo Osanna said the myth of Narcissus was a "very commonly found artistic topos in the ancient city". He said "the whole ambience…

2019-02-19 08:43   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Suspected Neanderthal footprints have been found in Gibraltar

A footprint which could belong to one of the last Neanderthals to walk the Earth has been found in Gibraltar.Although most Neanderthals died out by around 40,000 years ago, some did survive at the edge of the Iberian peninsular, where stone tools prove they were still alive around 28,000 years ago.Now researchers at The Gibraltar National Museum, who have spent the last decade studying…

2019-02-19 08:40   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Britain’s largest Neolithic house ‘built in Scotland’

The remains of the largest Neolithic hall found in Britain, which was were discovered in Carnoustie, Angus. PIC: GUARD Archaeology.The largest Neolithic house in Britain was built in Scotland around 6,000 years ago, archaeologists have confirmedTwo halls which were used as houses and likely home to large numbers of people have been discovered in Carnoustie, Angus.The site is far larger and…

2019-02-19 08:37   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Ancient DNA from Viking Graves Proves the Fierce Fighters Rode Male Horses

Modern Icelandic horses are likely descended from the horses that Vikings were buried with, more than 1,000 years ago.Credit: Albína Hulda PálsdóttirVikings who settled in Iceland more than 1,000 years ago valued their horses so much that the men were buried with their trusty steeds. And DNA analysis of these treasured animals recently proved that the horses consigned to the grave with…

2019-02-19 08:33   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Decapitated bodies found in Roman cemetery in Great Whelnetham

The team found a number of decapitated Roman burialsARCHAEOLOGICAL SOLUTIONSArchaeologists excavating a Roman burial ground said the discovery of a series of decapitated bodies was a "rare find".A dig has been taking place on a site in Great Whelnetham, Suffolk, ahead of a planned housing development.Of the 52 skeletons found, about 40% had their skulls detached from their bodies, many placed…

2019-02-19 08:29   Click to comment

Archaeology in Europe: Ancient burial site and monument found in England's New Forest

he urns contained cremated human bone and had been placed into small pits [Credit: New Forest National Park Authority via BBC]Archaeologists and volunteers have found an important prehistoric burial site near Beaulieu dating back thousands of years.A community dig in a field at East End set out to investigate what they thought was a Bronze Age barrow which had been ploughed over and they were…

2019-02-19 08:07   Click to comment


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